Busting the 8-Hour Sleep Myth: Why You Should Wake Up in the Night

English: Students need sleep in order to study.

More than one-third of American adults wake up in the middle of the night on a regular basis. Of those who experience “nocturnal awakenings,” nearly half are unable to fall back asleep right away. Doctors frequently diagnose this condition as a sleep disorder called “middle-of-the-night insomnia,” and prescribe medication to treat it.

Mounting evidence suggests, however, that nocturnal awakenings aren’t abnormal at all; they are the natural rhythm that your body gravitates toward. According to historians and psychiatrists alike, it is the compressed, continuous eight-hour sleep routine to which everyone aspires today that is unprecedented in human history. We’ve been sleeping all wrong lately — so if you have “insomnia,” you may actually be doing things right.

“The dominant pattern of sleep, arguably since time immemorial, was biphasic,” Roger Ekirch, a sleep historian at Virginia Tech University and author of “At Day’s Close: Night in Times Past” (Norton 2005), told Life’s Little Mysteries, a sister site to LiveScience. “Humans slept in two four-hour blocks, which were separated by a period of wakefulness in the middle of the night lasting an hour or more. During this time some might stay in bed, pray, think about their dreams, or talk with their spouses. Others might get up and do tasks or even visit neighbors before going back to sleep.”

References to “first sleep” or “deep sleep” and “second sleep” or “morning sleep” abound in legal depositions, literature and other archival documents from pre-Industrial European times. Gradually, though, during the 19th century, “language changed and references to segmented sleep fell away,” said Ekirch. “Now people call it insomnia.”

You can blame the shift in your sleeping habits on Thomas Edison’s lightbulb and the Industrial Revolution.

Ekirch explained that in the past, and especially during winter, darkness spanned up to 14 hours each night. Except for those affluent enough to burn candles for hours, folks were left with little to do but go to bed early, and this gave a great deal of flexibility to their nightly sleep requirements. Segmented or biphasic sleep patterns evolved to fill the long stretch of nighttime, and as observed by anthropologists, segmented sleep continues to be the norm for many people in undeveloped parts of the world, such as the Tiv group in Central Nigeria.

In places with electricity, though, artificial lighting has prolonged our experience of daylight, allowing us to be productive for longer. At the same time, it has cut nighttime short, and so to get enough sleep we now have to do it all in one go. Now, “normal” sleep requires forgoing the periods of wakefulness that used to break up the night; we simply don’t have time for a midnight chat with the neighbor any longer. “But people with particularly strong circadian rhythms continue to [wake up in the night],” said Ekirch.

In the 1990s, a sleep scientist named Thomas Wehr discovered that everyone sleeps biphasically when subjected to natural patterns of light and dark. In Wehr’s well-known study, he subjected participants to 14 hours of darkness per night, and found that they gradually shifted to a routine of taking two hours to fall asleep, then sleeping in two four-hour phases separated by about an hour of wakefulness—a pattern that exactly matched Ekirch’s historical findings.

How Much is a Two Dollar Bill Worth?

Since the 1976-Present Two dollar Bills are still legal circulation tender, they are worth a whopping $2. Although it may seem like you’ve stumbled on an eye appealing treasure, the truth of the matter is it’s not valuable and should be spent like any other paper money. There’s no need to hoard or collect a bunch of 1976-Present Two Dollar Bills.

If on the other hand, you find yourself with a Red Seal Two Dollar Bill, it might be worth tucking away. The Red Seal Two Dollar bills from 1928-1966 won’t make you a millionaire by any means, but they do contain more value than their current counterparts. Here’s a complete 2 Dollar Bill Value list for specimens in crisp Uncirculated Condition.
•1928– Red Seal. Valued $10-20
•1953 – Red Seal. Valued at $4-6
•1963 – Red Seal. Valued at $4-6
•1976-Present – Valued at $2

Sarah “The Human Barbie” Burge gets her 7 year-old daughter plastic surgery and pole dancing lessons

Some people should not have had children. As harsh as some of you may find my words the so called “Human BarbieSarah Burge is  one of those people.

While most of us wrapped toys, books and games for our children during the Christmas holiday Burge gave her 7-year-old daughter $11,000.00 in plastic surgery vouchers. The vouchers are for…wait for it…liposuction. To top that her daughter got a voucher for a boob job for her birthday.

Until hearing about her insane gifts to her 7-year-old I had no idea who Sarah Burge was. It seems she is a celebrity in the United Kingdom who is determined to use plastic surgery to make herself a “Human Barbie.” At 51 years-of age she has spent over $1 million on botox and plastic surgery to become a mirror image of a doll. She has instilled in her children that they should do the same.

Please tell me that I am not the only one that sees this as child abuse? What kind of parent instills in their child that they are not perfect just they way that they are. This Barbie wanna be has all ready started her 15 year-old daughter Hannah on botox injections.

Oh and it gets better, for Sarah Burge has started her 7 year-old daughter in pole dancing classes.
I try very hard not to judge others, especially being a mother myself judging how other mother’s raise their children, but this is insanity.

Has the U.K. no laws protecting children? This is simply pure madness. What Burge decides to do to her own body is her own business, but to put into her young children’s minds that the way they are isn’t good enough is beyond the word wrong.

Seven year-olds should be thinking about sleep overs, horses and kittens not boob jobs and liposuction.

This insane woman is splashed across U.K. newspapers and television as a celebrity. She deserves attention all right, but from a good psychiatrist and the child welfare office.

Banning of “Fat Marriage”??

[Just read]..

If we do not act now to ban fat marriage, soon it will be too late. Our country will become little more than a bunch of fat lazy entitled ignorant yet very judgmental rednecks. I pray it’s not too late…..

And we don’t need fat people to join us in our drive to also stop gay marriage. There’s plenty of national support without that Fat American demographic.

At a time when our economy is badly threatened and our national debt is skyrocketing and our troops are suffering through costly deadly wars, we need to focus on issues that really matter; like what fat people do with each other in the privacy of their own homes. How else can we gain the respect of our children and the future young voting generation?

I do want to stress my humanity about this situation. I’m not saying we should kill fat people, just prevent them from marrying and hopefully stop them from breeding. After all, we’re not barbarians. Fortunately I do have a more sustainable government solution to the current Fat People Epidemic:


Boston Bomb Suspect Clings to Life

Dszjokar Tsarnaev pic
The man whose brief life on the lam paralyzed Boston clung to life today as investigators waited for a chance to ask him why he and his brother attacked the Boston Marathon.

Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, 19, was in Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center today. It is the same hospital where Tsarnaev’s older brother Tamerlan, 26, was brought early Friday after a shootout with police. Tamerlan died of his wounds.

A hospital spokesperson said early this morning that Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was still alive, however the FBI asked they give no updates on his condition.

When he was taken into custody from the bottom of a boat in the backyard of a Watertown home Friday night, the suspect was bleeding badly and too weak to resist any longer, officials said.

Police believe Dzhokhar Tsarnaev he was initially wounded Thursday night in the gunbattle that killed his brother. Police said they found blood in a car he abandoned and blood at a house. Police said he went undetected by the massive manhunt because he had managed to get just one block outside the search perimeter.

It is unclear whether Tsarnaev was hit again during a final volley before his arrest in the boat.

Investigators — who are expected to be the country’s elite counterterror unit — are hoping that Tsarnaev survives because they are intent on determining what triggered the shocking attack and whether he had any help. The bombing killed three, including a young boy, and wounded about 170. An MIT security officer was allegedly killed by the duo on Wednesday night and a Boston transit cop was badly wounded in a subsequent shootout.

One focus of the probe so far is a six month trip Tamerlan Tsarnaev took to the semi autonomous Russian province of Dagestan in 2012. Dagestan has become a hotbed of militant Islamic activity.

The capture of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev set off a night of celebration in Watertown and Boston, a spontaneous relief after the region was ordered indoors for an entire day as heavily armed SWAT teams searched for the surviving suspect. Jubilant residents high fived police and chanted “Boston strong” and USA.

Congress Investigating Beyonce & Jay-Z for Illegal Cuba Trip??

Beyoncé, Jay-Z, and President Obama in New York

Two US Republican lawmakers want to know if popular American pop star Beyonce and her husband, rap singer Jay-Z, had the US government’s permission to travel to Cuba despite an economic embargo.

Representatives Ileana Ros-Lehtinen and Mario Diaz-Balart of Florida on Friday sent a letter to Adam Szubin, director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control at the US Treasury Department, requesting information on the type of license Beyonce and Jay-Z received before traveling to Cuba.

“As you know, US law expressly prohibits the licensing of financial transactions for ‘tourist activities’ in Cuba,” the pair wrote.

The lawmakers went on to say that these restrictions were in place because the Cuban government was listed by the US State Department as one of four state sponsors of terrorism and has “one of the world’s most egregious” human rights records.

“Cuba’s tourism industry is wholly state-controlled; therefore, US dollars spent on Cuban tourism directly fund the machinery of oppression that brutally represses the Cuban people,” Ros-Lehtinen and Diaz-Balart wrote.

Beyonce and Jay-Z created a stir Thursday as they toured the streets of Old Havana, with hundreds of Cubans turning out to catch a glimpse of the US pop power couple.

How to Get Rid of a Felony Record

English: Handcuffs Handcuffed Handcuff Hinge H...

For whom ever is in legal trouble, check this out. No I am not  Felon nor do I even have a traffic ticket :) Thank you.

Having a felony  convictions erased from your criminal record is called expunging, and the requirements vary  widely from state to state. Generally, if the felony you are trying to expunge  isn’t one that could result in life imprisonment, and you haven’t had any other  criminal charges since the charge you are trying to get rid of, you may qualify  for an expungement.

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    Contact an attorney. Most  often, we as the general public aren’t exceptionally savvy to the judicial  system. An attorney cannot guarantee you an expungement; however she can  increase your chances by helping you every step of the way. Be sure to work with  an attorney that specializes in expungement or record clearing.

    Whenever contacting a lawyer, be sure to ask for her state bar number and  check it at the website provided in the Resources section.

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    Get a second opinion. Many times one attorney’s take on a case can vary  dramatically from another’s. You may find that you are more comfortable with the  counsel provided by one attorney to the other.

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    Prepare a statement. This statement should serve as a reference when going in  front of a judge to get rid of a felony record. The statement should include  valid reasons as to why you need a felony expunged, (for example, applying for a  job or  housing), and any good deeds performed such as volunteer work.

    A judge is the only one who can grant you an expungement; therefore the  statement should serve to persuade the judge that you are deserving of having a  felony erased.

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    Go before a judge. Getting rid of a felony is a criminal proceeding, and as  such you may choose to either represent yourself or allow your attorney to do so  for you.

Read more:  How to Get Rid of a Felony Record | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/how_6507213_rid-felony-record.html#ixzz2Od3bHZF1